Symptoms of Heat Stroke and Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion, which can lead to heat stroke, is not only dangerous, it can be a killer. Everyone is susceptible, and understanding the most common symptoms is usually the best way to avoid this preventable medical emergency.

Here is a look at common heat-related illnesses, as well as what to do if you believe someone is in danger of heat stroke.

What Are the Symptoms of Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion?man running in the heat

When the body experiences high temperatures for a prolonged period of time, it loses its natural ability to cool. What starts as cramping can lead to heat exhaustion, which is the precursor to heat stroke — a potentially life-threatening condition.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides the following list of symptoms for heat-related illnesses:

Heat Exhaustion

  • Heavy sweating
  • Weakness
  • Cold, pale, and clammy skin
  • Fast, weak pulse
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fainting

Heat Stroke

  • High body temperature (above 103°F)
  • Hot, red, dry or moist skin
  • Rapid and strong pulse
  • Possible unconsciousness

Who is at Risk?

Though anyone exposed to high temperatures for an unsafe length of time can suffer from heat exhaustion or heat stroke, there are certain individuals who are at greater risk. These include the elderly, people taking blood pressure medications, infants, and children.

For this reason, you should never leave an infant or child inside a hot automobile. According to medicinenet.com, 38 children a year die from heat-related illnesses as a result of being left in hot cars.

When to See a Medical Professional

If symptoms of heat stroke appear, seek immediate medical attention!

Treatment for heat exhaustion typically includes moving the patient into the shade or air conditioning, giving the patient water, removing bulky clothing, allowing the patient to recline, and sponging the patient with water. Usually the patient is monitored until symptoms subside.

FastMed Provides Quick, Convenient Care

At FastMed Urgent Care, our mission is to positively impact the lives of our patients and their families.

Whether you or someone you love is suffering from a heat-related illness or other non-emergency condition, the medical professionals at FastMed are dedicated to providing affordable and compassionate treatment. We try to have patients in and out of our office promptly, with the medical care they need.

We also offer a self-pay Discount Program and accept most major health insurance providers, including Medicaid and Medicare.

Looking for more information about FastMed? Check out our FAQ page, or like us on Facebook.

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Sources: 

http://www.medicinenet.com/heat_exhaustion/article.htm

http://www.cdc.gov/extremeheat/warning.html

http://www.webmd.com/news/20070813/heatstroke-death-whos-at-greatest-risk

http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-heat-exhaustion/basics/art-20056651

The content presented on this page is not intended to diagnose health problems or take the place of professional medical care.