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Herpes is an infection caused by the herpes simplex virus. Although inflammation of the affected site and fluid-filled sores are the most common symptoms of a herpes outbreak, some people may also experience sore throat, fatigue, and headache. There are two types of herpes — herpes simplex 1 (HSV1) and herpes simplex 2 (HSV2). This article will go into more detail about these types, their symptoms, and treatment options.

Herpes Simplex 1

Sore Throat HerpesHerpes simplex type 1 (oral herpes) affects more than 50% of the U.S. adult population. Commonly referred to as either cold sores or fever blisters, herpes simplex type 1 can cause sores on or around the mouth, nose, chin, or cheeks.

Signs and Symptoms | Herpes | Sore Throat

According to the Center for Disease Control, “Most people who have herpes have no, or very mild symptoms. You may not notice mild symptoms or you may mistake them for another skin condition, such as a pimple or ingrown hair. Because of this, most people who have herpes do not know it.”

Other symptoms include:

  • A tingling or itching sensation at the outbreak site.

  • One or more fluid-filled blisters

  • Fever

  • Muscle aches

  • Swollen lymph nodes

  • Sore throat


Oral herpes is highly contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact between the affected area and mucous membranes or broken skin.

During an outbreak it is recommended that you do not:

  • Kiss others on the mouth or face

  • Perform oral sex

  • Spend extended periods of time in the sun, as UV rays can make herpes symptoms worse

  • Share drinks, food, or eating utensils

  • Touch the affected area, as it can be easily spread across other areas of the body

Herpes Simplex 2

Herpes simplex type 2 (genital herpes) affects 1 out of 6 people aged 14 to 49 years. Genital herpes can cause sores on or around the genital area and rectum, and can affect both men and women.

Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of genital herpes are similar to those of oral herpes and can include flu-like symptoms such as headache, sore throat, and fever.


Genital herpes can be transmitted through vaginal or anal sex, and can also be passed from someone’s genitals to someone’s mouth during oral sex.

To lower your risk of herpes simplex 2 infection:

  • Limit your sexual partners

  • Always use condoms during sexual intercourse

  • Do not have sex (even with a condom) if you or your partner have an outbreak

  • Remember that herpes simplex 1 and 2 can be contagious even with no visible symptoms

FastMed Urgent Care provides personal and cost-effective medical care within an hour. If you think you may be experiencing symptoms associated with a herpes outbreak, including sore throat and flu-like symptoms, visit your local FastMed clinic today.

About FastMed

FastMed Urgent Care owns and operates nearly 200 centers in North Carolina, Arizona and Texas that provide a broad range of acute/episodic and preventive healthcare services 365 days a year. FastMed also provides workers’ compensation and other occupational health services at all its centers, and family and sports medicine services at select locations. FastMed has successfully treated more than six million patients and is the only independent urgent care operator in North Carolina, Arizona and Texas to be awarded The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval® for quality, safety and infection control in ambulatory healthcare. For more information about locations, services, hours of operation, insurance and prices, visit

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